In October of 1904, Mary McLeod Bethune took five students into a newly rented house & started what is now known as Bethune-Cookman University. Then known as The Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls, the school focused on teaching reading, writing, mathematics, home economics, and other vocational training courses. Selling baked foods & ice cream to keep the bills paid, enrollment would increase to over 200 students by 1906. By 1923, having expanded its reputation & land holdings, the school would merge with Jacksonville's Cookman Institute. Amazingly having started with only $1.50 in cash, a dream, and an amazing zeal for fundraising, Mary McLeod Bethune would see her new Bethune-Cookman College rise to become a fully-accredited college for liberal arts and teacher education by 1941 (she served as President until 1942). Under the leadership of its third President, Richard V. Moore, Sr., Bethune-Cookman would add programs in Music, Physical Education, Pre-Med, Pre-Dental and Pre-Pharmacy-plus add sixteen new buildings to the campus. In 2006 the school would offer its first Master's Degree Program, and in 2007, Bethune-Cookman College would rise to become Bethune-Cookman University. Today Bethune-Cookman University serves students from 35 different countries, and offers 35 different undergraduate degree programs-plus a Masters of Science in Transformative Leadership Degree Program. The school's founder, Dr. Mary McLeod Bethune died May 18, 1955 at age 79. In 1973, she was inducted into the National Women's Hall of Fame. We encourage you to study more on the other aspects of her legacy, and will certainly post more about her in the future. #Salute
What is now Tuskegee University was founded on September 19th 1881. Founded by The Great Booker T. Washington and others, Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute started with 30 students & a one room shanty. Since then, Tuskegee University found itself to home to one of, if not the most prestigious school of Veterinary Medicine, The Tuskegee Airmen Flight Training Program, the founding of The United Negro College Fund, and so much more.
In the modern era Tuskegee added doctoral programs in integrative bio-Science, materials science & engineering, Business and Information Sciences and more. already existing programs in Engineering, Architecture and Physical Sciences expanded-including Aerospace Engineering (the only program of its kind at any HBCU). Today Tuskegee provides a high percentage of the Black Chemical, Electrical & Mechanical Engineering Graduates-and provides more Doctorates in Materials Science and Engineering than any other school in the nation. The University is currently a highly preferred training locale for the future scientists from all over Africa, Asia & The Middle East-and is the Only University Campus in America designated as a National Historic Site by the U.S. Congress. Distinguished aumni include Military Pioneer & Legend Daniel "Chappie" James & groundbreaking author Ralph Ellison. Booker T. Washington is buried on campus of Tuskegee University, near the University Chapel.
Atlanta University was founded on September 19th 1865. Born out of the work of the American Missionary Association & assistance from the Freedman's Bureau, Atlanta University is one of the original universities put in place to serve the Black Population of America. Starting originally as a grammar school, to provide the first solid legal education for the former slaves, what would ultimately rise to full University status by the late 1870's. Around this time, A.U. would serve a major source for teacher's & librarians who would teach in southern public schools. It had also added Graduate Studies in The Social Sciences, Natural Sciences, Social Work, Business Administration, The Liberal Arts, and other areas. In 1896, W.E.B. DuBois would come on board as faculty at the university.
“I’ll Find a Way or Make One.”
By the late 1920's Atlanta University had added programs in Business & Engineering, and under the leadership of Morehouse College President Dr. John Hope, an alliance was formed between Au, mOREHOUSE & sPELMAN cOLLEGE (The Atlanta University System). In 1988, Clark College and Atlanta University merged to form the new Clark-Atlanta University. Distinguished Alumni of Atlanta University include the multi-talented James Weldon Johnson & Civil Rights Pioneer Walter White, among many others.